An Explanation of Miniature Pig Breeds: What Are Miniature Pigs?

If you're like thousands of others, you're interested in owning a miniature pig. But, what is a miniature pig exactly?

After all, they seem to go by countless different names. From toy pigs to teacup pigs, nano pigs, micro pigs, and other names, how is a potential pet owner supposed to know the difference? Because there is no clear definition, it can be difficult.

However, it doesn't have to be.

In reality, there is no one proper name or one specific breed (or different breeds for that matter) that define a teacup pig. As a matter of fact, most pigs aren't just one breed but are a cross of several different breeds. This gives you a broad range of selection when it comes to your own pig as you can choose a colour, pattern, and size that you believe will best meet your needs.

Of course, there are several different breeds that are commonly used in breeding micro pigs, meaning that you can get a better sense as to what your own miniature pig will look like, what their size will be, and what to expect in terms of caretaking.

There Are 6 Major Pig Breeds Used for Breeding Micro Pigs

While breeders might use any breed of pig to produce their piglets that will grow between 12 and 15", there is six primary pig breeds used for breeding, including:

  1. Vietnamese Pot Belly Pigs – Vietnamese Pot Belly Pigs often grow up to 20" tall and range in weight from 100 to 250 pounds. Known for their short legs, short snout, potbelly, and round appearance, Vietnamese Potbelly Pigs are also notorious for being both stubborn and independent.
  2. Juliana Pigs – More petite than most of their counterparts, Juliana Pigs are known to stand 10 to 16" tall and grow to a 60-pound average weight. This makes them quite smaller and more ideal for teacup pig breeding when coupled with their friendly, outgoing personalities.
  3. Guinea Hogs – In contrast to Juliana Pigs, Guinea Hogs can weigh between 150 and 300 pounds when fully grown and can stand up to 22" tall. With black colouring, a sturdy build, and no potbelly, these unique hogs are a popular option when breeding micro pigs.
  4. Ossabaw Island Pigs – A breed of Spanish pig, Ossabaw Island Pigs are quite small as well and weigh between 80 and 150 pounds when fully grown. Known for their black, heavy coat and long snout, these pigs are often used for miniature pig breeding as well.

Kunekune Pigs – Originally from New Zealand, Kune Kune pigs are perfect companions due to their easygoing, docile, and friendly nature. Fully grown, these pigs stand about 24" tall and weigh between 150 and 250 pounds. Because hair colours vary from black to brown, ginger, cream, and even gold, these pigs add to the designer nature of miniature pigs.

Mexican Yucatan Pigs – Native to tropical regions, the Mexican Yucatan miniature pig weighs approximately 150 to 180 pounds when mature. Known for its grey colouring and hairless body, this pig's docile temperament makes it a perfect companion for individuals and families alike.

Understanding Micro Pig Breeds Can Guide You as Your Search for Your Own

While it's often unclear which pig breeds are used to breed miniature pigs, there are specific breeds that are used more often than others.

And, by learning each, you can make an informed decision based upon the size, colouring, and type of pig you prefer when you choose a pet.